Tech Talks

NextJS Vs ExpressJS: Which Framework Should You Choose In 2023?

Published On January 25th, 2023 Tech Talks

Compare NextJS Vs ExpressJS for performance, speed, reliability, technology and use cases to find which one suits your needs better.

Choosing the right framework for your project can sometimes be a daunting task. Especially when you have a lot of options that nearly meet all your requirements, the decision becomes even harder to arrive at. However, we believe that – to choose the right framework, it demands a good knowledge in critical elements of the project. 

So as a part of our research, we assembled the essential criterias that compare the most popular frameworks Express JS and Next JS in this article. 

Let’s begin the evaluation now! 

What is a Framework?

A framework is a predefined structure of codes used by developers as a template for building software. It is built with a base logic that can be selectively modified based on your development necessities. It consists of code libraries, toolsets, APIs, support programs, shared resources and compilers.

What is NextJS?

Next.js is an open-source, javascript framework that lets you add functions like static web generations and server-side rendering to your React apps. It has several built-in features that make development much easier. 

nextjs

Since it runs on Node.js, it supports serverless architecture for both mobile and web apps. With Next.js, developers can easily use React on both server-side and client-side apps, without the need for any specific configuration. 

Key Features Of NextJS

features of nextjs
  • Server-Side rendering: Loads your content faster and allows your pages to be rendered on the server before sent to the client. 
  • Automatic Code Splitting: Downloads only the necessary codes for each page and makes your web pages load faster. 
  • Static Site Generation: Converts the HTML server files into a complete HTML client page, in build-time
  • ES6 support: The framework is fully supported by the ECMAscript – a javascript standard, that ensures interoperability of web pages
  • Typescript Support: Adds better features to your apps by allowing usage of Typescript.
  • HMR (Hot module replacement): Speeds up development by making changes in a running application, even without the need for a full reload. 
  •  Asynchronous/Await: These are server-side components that assemble your code in an organized manner, make it easy to read than the traditional boilerplate method

Pros & Cons of NextJS

Pros
  • Uses Typescript, making build easier.
  • High-end data security
  • Helps you create amazing user experiences easily
  • When your files contain identical addresses, the API routes allow you to take multiple HTTP actions
  • Supports Static site generation to make sure that your web page is compiled and rendered at build time.
  • The deployment is easy with Next.js framework. It means that you can just link your account to Github and import the Next.js repositories.
  • Makes page navigation smoother by enabling client-side route transitions
Cons
  • Requires an in-house development team to handle development and management.
  • Avails a few plugins
  • Developers need to create the complete front-end layer since Next.js does not include the installed front end pages. This elevates the cost of flexibility.
  • Does not have a built-in state manager. You need to use state containers like Redux or MobX.
  • Longer development time since it supports static web development

What is ExpressJS?

ExpressJS is a light-weight, open-source web framework that lets you build applications, APIs and routing systems in the JavaScript/Node.js ecosystem. This framework is used to build modern apps on both client-side and server-side using JavaScript. 

expressjs

This highly popular framework makes the development process easier by providing scalable APIs, which can be flexibly expanded as per your requirement. ExpressJS can also be used with other frameworks like AngularJS and provides a comprehensive development solution to programmers. 

Key Features Of ExpressJS

features of expressjs
  • Routing: Defines routes for different HTTP URLs and methods
  • Middleware: Gives ExpressJS the ability to run scripts before or after a client request. These codes execute before the response is delivered to the client, or a HTTP request reaches the route handler. 
  • Template Engine Support: ExpressJS can be used with template engines like EJS, Jade and Mustache that allows you to use static template files into your app. 
  • Google V8 Engine Support: This JavaScript and WebAssembly Engine supports your app to be more reliable and scalable. These engines are very powerful for building enterprise-grade apps that deliver features in real-time.
  • Mean Stack: ExpressJS is a vital part of the MEAN stack that can seamlessly connect database management systems at scale. 
  • Database: Supported by databases like MySQL, MongoDB and PostgreSQL 
  • Security: Protects your apps with CORS, CSRF protection, and HTTP security headers

Pros & Cons of ExpressJS

Pros
  • Flexible, Efficient and Convenient to use
  • Routes client requests in a straightforward manner
  • Develop your mobile and server app with identical language
  • Has a middleware that takes care of the decision-making process.
  • Uses template engines like Vash, EJS and Jade, which makes ExpressJS easy to integrate
  • Compatible with databases like Redis, MySQL and MongoDB
Cons
  • Possible issues with client requests
  • Complex organization of codes
  • Occurrence of asynchronous callback issues
  • Debugging is hard due to ineffective error messages
  • Requires frequent patching due to security vulnerabilities
  • The framework is quite difficult to grasp

An In-depth Comparison Of NextJS vs ExpressJS

ExpressJSNextJS
Server UsageUsed for both server and client-sideTo build server-side apps
PluginsSupports event subscription and entities with the Express Gateway pluginUses external tools like Webpack and Babel
Github Stars5670091100
Used by1 Million websites201,000 websites
StackOverFlow Questions87000 questions20000 questions
SpeedFaster than NextJS. It uses minimalist tools and functions.Fast because of static destinations
Rendering ApproachTraditional and EfficientComplex and Slow
Learning EaseStraight-forward syntax makes it the easier optionComplex to learn due to react-centric approach
ScalabilityFlexible to scale across larger apps with minimum or zero configurationsAllows you to scale multiple pages
Static generationEmploys deferred static generation. A page creation can be postponed until a request is raised by a user. This speeds up the build time and performanceAdapts Incremental static regeneration. You can build or update a static page without the need to rebuild the entire site all over again

Express.js Vs Next.js: Which One Should You Choose?

Express JS and Next JS are both javascript packages that more likely have the same level of performance and features. Many developers use Express.js when they need only a framework for the backend. While others who require a front-end library included, go for Next.js

When Next.js is used, the user device does not require Javascript and CSS installed. This results in faster page loading. Whereas, Express.js uses multiple HTTP and URL methods to generate quick responses. 

Both these frameworks are great assets for your project and tackle the same requirements but in different ways. The choice of the best one depends on the nature and demands of your project.  

For example, as a leading In-app Communication SDK provider, MirrorFly has opted to use Express.js for building effective and secure interaction components. We thoroughly analyzed the framework that can bring in immersive features to video, voice, and chat apps. Express.js was doubtlessly our go-to option.

💡Did You Know?
As per Statista, almost 22.9% developers chose Express.js whereas 13.52% chose Next.js for their platforms.

Whereas, in your case, you’ll need to analyze which framework best suits your needs and choose it right away to build amazing technologies for the world.

Conclusion

So well, we hope that our comparison has brought to you a fair idea of which framework will work for your project and which will not. We are excited to know what you’ve decided to build with the framework you’ve chosen. So, quickly post in comments about the amazing apps you’ve set out to build.

If you’d like to know more about our Express.js built SDKs, explore our features here and write to us if you’d like to incorporate our in-app communication features to your apps. As always, we bid our bye now wishing you a happy development! 

Krishi Shivasangaran

Krishi Shivasangaran is a digital nomad and a veteran of Digital Marketing strategies. She is passionate about learning the newest trends in video calling APIs. And, when she's off-role, she loves to sketch and make people realize the true color of nature.

Compare NextJS Vs ExpressJS for performance, speed, reliability, technology and use cases to find which one suits your needs better.

Choosing the right framework for your project can sometimes be a daunting task. Especially when you have a lot of options that nearly meet all your requirements, the decision becomes even harder to arrive at. However, we believe that – to choose the right framework, it demands a good knowledge in critical elements of the project. 

So as a part of our research, we assembled the essential criterias that compare the most popular frameworks Express JS and Next JS in this article. 

Let’s begin the evaluation now! 

What is a Framework?

A framework is a predefined structure of codes used by developers as a template for building software. It is built with a base logic that can be selectively modified based on your development necessities. It consists of code libraries, toolsets, APIs, support programs, shared resources and compilers.

What is NextJS?

Next.js is an open-source, javascript framework that lets you add functions like static web generations and server-side rendering to your React apps. It has several built-in features that make development much easier. 

nextjs

Since it runs on Node.js, it supports serverless architecture for both mobile and web apps. With Next.js, developers can easily use React on both server-side and client-side apps, without the need for any specific configuration. 

Key Features Of NextJS

features of nextjs
  • Server-Side rendering: Loads your content faster and allows your pages to be rendered on the server before sent to the client. 
  • Automatic Code Splitting: Downloads only the necessary codes for each page and makes your web pages load faster. 
  • Static Site Generation: Converts the HTML server files into a complete HTML client page, in build-time
  • ES6 support: The framework is fully supported by the ECMAscript – a javascript standard, that ensures interoperability of web pages
  • Typescript Support: Adds better features to your apps by allowing usage of Typescript.
  • HMR (Hot module replacement): Speeds up development by making changes in a running application, even without the need for a full reload. 
  •  Asynchronous/Await: These are server-side components that assemble your code in an organized manner, make it easy to read than the traditional boilerplate method

Pros & Cons of NextJS

Pros
  • Uses Typescript, making build easier.
  • High-end data security
  • Helps you create amazing user experiences easily
  • When your files contain identical addresses, the API routes allow you to take multiple HTTP actions
  • Supports Static site generation to make sure that your web page is compiled and rendered at build time.
  • The deployment is easy with Next.js framework. It means that you can just link your account to Github and import the Next.js repositories.
  • Makes page navigation smoother by enabling client-side route transitions
Cons
  • Requires an in-house development team to handle development and management.
  • Avails a few plugins
  • Developers need to create the complete front-end layer since Next.js does not include the installed front end pages. This elevates the cost of flexibility.
  • Does not have a built-in state manager. You need to use state containers like Redux or MobX.
  • Longer development time since it supports static web development

What is ExpressJS?

ExpressJS is a light-weight, open-source web framework that lets you build applications, APIs and routing systems in the JavaScript/Node.js ecosystem. This framework is used to build modern apps on both client-side and server-side using JavaScript. 

expressjs

This highly popular framework makes the development process easier by providing scalable APIs, which can be flexibly expanded as per your requirement. ExpressJS can also be used with other frameworks like AngularJS and provides a comprehensive development solution to programmers. 

Key Features Of ExpressJS

features of expressjs
  • Routing: Defines routes for different HTTP URLs and methods
  • Middleware: Gives ExpressJS the ability to run scripts before or after a client request. These codes execute before the response is delivered to the client, or a HTTP request reaches the route handler. 
  • Template Engine Support: ExpressJS can be used with template engines like EJS, Jade and Mustache that allows you to use static template files into your app. 
  • Google V8 Engine Support: This JavaScript and WebAssembly Engine supports your app to be more reliable and scalable. These engines are very powerful for building enterprise-grade apps that deliver features in real-time.
  • Mean Stack: ExpressJS is a vital part of the MEAN stack that can seamlessly connect database management systems at scale. 
  • Database: Supported by databases like MySQL, MongoDB and PostgreSQL 
  • Security: Protects your apps with CORS, CSRF protection, and HTTP security headers

Pros & Cons of ExpressJS

Pros
  • Flexible, Efficient and Convenient to use
  • Routes client requests in a straightforward manner
  • Develop your mobile and server app with identical language
  • Has a middleware that takes care of the decision-making process.
  • Uses template engines like Vash, EJS and Jade, which makes ExpressJS easy to integrate
  • Compatible with databases like Redis, MySQL and MongoDB
Cons
  • Possible issues with client requests
  • Complex organization of codes
  • Occurrence of asynchronous callback issues
  • Debugging is hard due to ineffective error messages
  • Requires frequent patching due to security vulnerabilities
  • The framework is quite difficult to grasp

An In-depth Comparison Of NextJS vs ExpressJS

ExpressJSNextJS
Server UsageUsed for both server and client-sideTo build server-side apps
PluginsSupports event subscription and entities with the Express Gateway pluginUses external tools like Webpack and Babel
Github Stars5670091100
Used by1 Million websites201,000 websites
StackOverFlow Questions87000 questions20000 questions
SpeedFaster than NextJS. It uses minimalist tools and functions.Fast because of static destinations
Rendering ApproachTraditional and EfficientComplex and Slow
Learning EaseStraight-forward syntax makes it the easier optionComplex to learn due to react-centric approach
ScalabilityFlexible to scale across larger apps with minimum or zero configurationsAllows you to scale multiple pages
Static generationEmploys deferred static generation. A page creation can be postponed until a request is raised by a user. This speeds up the build time and performanceAdapts Incremental static regeneration. You can build or update a static page without the need to rebuild the entire site all over again

Express.js Vs Next.js: Which One Should You Choose?

Express JS and Next JS are both javascript packages that more likely have the same level of performance and features. Many developers use Express.js when they need only a framework for the backend. While others who require a front-end library included, go for Next.js

When Next.js is used, the user device does not require Javascript and CSS installed. This results in faster page loading. Whereas, Express.js uses multiple HTTP and URL methods to generate quick responses. 

Both these frameworks are great assets for your project and tackle the same requirements but in different ways. The choice of the best one depends on the nature and demands of your project.  

For example, as a leading In-app Communication SDK provider, MirrorFly has opted to use Express.js for building effective and secure interaction components. We thoroughly analyzed the framework that can bring in immersive features to video, voice, and chat apps. Express.js was doubtlessly our go-to option.

💡Did You Know?
As per Statista, almost 22.9% developers chose Express.js whereas 13.52% chose Next.js for their platforms.

Whereas, in your case, you’ll need to analyze which framework best suits your needs and choose it right away to build amazing technologies for the world.

Conclusion

So well, we hope that our comparison has brought to you a fair idea of which framework will work for your project and which will not. We are excited to know what you’ve decided to build with the framework you’ve chosen. So, quickly post in comments about the amazing apps you’ve set out to build.

If you’d like to know more about our Express.js built SDKs, explore our features here and write to us if you’d like to incorporate our in-app communication features to your apps. As always, we bid our bye now wishing you a happy development! 

Krishi Shivasangaran

Krishi Shivasangaran is a digital nomad and a veteran of Digital Marketing strategies. She is passionate about learning the newest trends in video calling APIs. And, when she's off-role, she loves to sketch and make people realize the true color of nature.

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